Pico is a way to organize the information you are gathering for evidence-based practice when you have a topic in mind, wrote down what you know so far for each part of pico. Example 1 your next patient is a 72-year-old woman with osteoarthritis of the knees and moderate hypertension, accompanied by her daughter, a lab tech from the hospital. Evidence based practice (ebp) is the integration of clinical expertise, patient values, and the best research evidence into the decision making process for patient care clinical expertise refers to the clinician's cumulated experience, education and clinical skills.
Johns hopkins nursing evidence-based practice based on the pico and initial ebp question title: microsoft word - appendix b finalquestion development pico. Note that pico(t) is not a good methodology for researching non-clinical topics such as nursing theorists use the information below to find which level of research is appropriate for your type of pico(t) question. Pico is a tool to help you formulate your clinical question pico also helps you identify keywords to use in your literature search strategy let's identify the pico elements for this example patient dilemma.
A clinical question needs to be directly relevant to the patient or problem at hand and phrased in such a way as to facilitate the search for an answer pico makes this process easier it is a mnemonic for the important parts of a well-built clinical question it also helps formulate the search. Trip medical database, a smart, fast tool to find high quality clinical research evidence searched over 125,000,000 times over 70% of clinical questions answered. This easy-to-follow tutorial from the librarians at the bodleian library at oxford university, in partnership with the centre for evidence based medicine (cebm), walks you through an example of turning a clinical research question into pico format and using that to create search terms.
Asking a well-formulated research question is a starting point in conducting a quality research project and in evidence-based clinical practice the framework presented in this paper can be helpful for a clinician to formulate a question and search for an answer and for a researcher to develop a new research project. Pico question template examples it can be helpful to classify your question based on the clinical domain(s) it falls under see below for definitions, pico templates, and example questions from the primary clinical domains: intervention , diagnosis , etiology , prevention , prognosis/prediction , quality of life/meaning , and therapy. Pico is a mnemonic used to help you clarify your clinical question it acts as a framework, asking you to think specifically about different aspects of what you want to investigate it acts as a framework, asking you to think specifically about different aspects of what you want to investigate.
Introduction to evidence-based practice 1 ask search this pico is a mnemonic that helps one remember the key components of a well focused question the question. Practitioners of evidence-based practice (ebp) often use a specialized framework, called pico, to form the question and facilitate the literature search 1 pico stands for: p atient problem, (or population. The evidence-based medicine resource guide will introduce users to the concept, process, and application of ebm additionally, it will provide users with ebm resources and research tools available to them through dml and the web.