The physical factors responsible for uneven distribution of population in india are : relief: relief is a dominant factor in determining the uneven distribution of population in india mountains have rugged surface and are covered with thick forest along with harsh climate are not at all suitable for human habitation. Than this, factors like drainage, and water table have also been affecting population distribution (ii) climate :is one of the essential elements of the physical factors which influence the spatial distribution of population through temperature conditions and the amount of precipitation. The distribution of population in india depends mainly physical features, climate conditions, means of communication, development of agriculture and industries etc india is primarily an agricultural country and more than 70% per cent of the people living in india depend on agriculture. Population distribution and density factors affecting population density environmental and human factors affect the spread of people across the world the brahmaputra river in india.
Factors affecting distribution of population is an important topic in geography for the upsc civil services examgiven below is an article on the topic to aid your ias exam preparation. The primary task of a population geographer, therefore, is to explain the irregularities in population distribution in terms of the influences of all these factors as an integral part of a dynamic process (clarke, 1972:14. The main factors that affect distribution of population are natural resources, climatic conditions, soils, cultural factors, age of human settlement, industrial development and means of transport and communication. Population density is a measurement of the number of people in an area it is an average number it is an average number population density is calculated by dividing the number of people by area.
The tiny country of monaco has the world's highest population density with an area of 3/4 of a square mile and a total population of 32,000, monaco has a density of almost 43,000 people per square mile. Of population in india is clear from the fact that in arunachal pradesh the average number of population is only 13 persons per square kilometre, whereas it is 9,294 persons per square kilometre in delhi as per 2001 census.
In any study of population distribution, it is necessary identify factors which determine the way in which it is distribution within an area of a country, or in a country as well as in continent in which that country lies, or in a region, or in the world considered as a whole these factors provide. And rudimentary among the large, poorer, rural masses studies in certain districts of india have shown, for example, that even elementary knowledge about contraceptive methods is limited to approximately 20 to 25 per cent of the married population, and is even more limited among the illiterate in rural areas. Of the twin factors of rainfall and temperature, rainfall is more effective in determining the distribution of population it is generally said that the population map of india follows its rainfall map. The effect on population structure of fertility, mortality and migration historical changes in population size and structure and factors underlying them the significance of demographic changes for the health of the population and on the need for health and related services.
The main factors that affect distribution of population are natural resources, climatic conditions, soils, cultural factors, age of human settlement, industrial development and means of transport and communication the factors affecting distribution of population are described below one by one in a. -high population density tends to be located between 20 degree and 60 degree north called as temperate zone having moderate temperature cfactors affecting the population density -human/natural. Population density is also affected by more human factors for instance, if an area is politically unstable or war-torn, it will usually have a very low population density this is seen in areas.
The main factors affecting the population change are the birth rate, death rate and migration the birth rate is the ratio between births and individuals in a specified population and time (miller, 253. Climate (physical factors affecting population distribution) weather has to be reasonable if people are going to live there landforms (physical factors affecting population distribution. Environmental and human factors affect the spread of people across the world factors such as the availability of jobs and comparatively high wages can contribute to high population density. A great variety of natural vegetation is found in india due to unequal distribution of rainfall and temperature with about 46000 plant species, india is tenth largest in the world and fourth largest in asia in plant diversity.
Population distribution is affected by environmental factors, natural resources, proximity to water and the ability to grow or obtain food areas in which populations are small usually lack one of these four qualities. Factors affecting distribution of cattle in india dr e dayal dr dayal is a visiting professor of the university of minnesota his normal position. Geographic factors of population distribution physical conditions, such as climate (temperature and rainfall), landforms in terms of altitudes, the quality of the soil and the availability of energy and mine resources are the important geographical determinants of population distribution.